By Esther Tanquintic-Misa | November 19, 2012 7:04 PM EST
Australian seismologists have developed and released a new National Earthquake Hazard Map of Australia, which identified the areas of Moe in Victoria, York and Kirwan in Western Australia as well as Tenant Creek in the Northern Territory the country’s most susceptible to the natural occurrence.
www.ga.gov.au/darwin-view/haza Australian seismologists have developed and released a new National Earthquake Hazard Map of Australia, which identified the areas of Moe in Victoria, York and Kirwan in Western Australia as well as Tenant Creek in the Northern Territory the country’s most susceptible to the natural occurrence.
Primarily developed to help analyze Australia’s earthquake-prone areas, the map intends to help builders and engineers better plan on where and how to build structures, as well as design the structures’ safety and effectiveness.
“Although these maps do not enable us to predict earthquakes, they will allow engineers and planners to design and locate buildings and infrastructure so as to better protect our communities,” Resources Minister Martin Ferguson said in launching the project on Monday.
He said the plan will be integrated into Australia’s building code with the end in view to enlighten engineers as they design and build structures which should be able to withstand the likely ground shaking at any particular location.
Australia has been subjected to 168 earthquakes above magnitude 5.0 since 1950. In 2011, earthquakes recorded at a magnitude 3.0 or above totaled 82.
The modelling and data, already made public, may also be used by emergency managers, researchers and the insurance industry, Mr Ferguson said.
To know more about the map, click here: http://www.ga.gov.au/darwin-view/hazards.xhtml
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‘Since we can’t stop poor people from breeding, let’s build fences to keep them out. And let’s ask the world’s biggest polluters to pay for the fences’. [David Attenborough].
Locking up land might seem like a good idea, but not when it could cost millions of poor people their ability to grow food and collect fuel. In another time the British landed gentry were forced to give up some of their lands to the state. Now they want them back? The landed gentry are the biggest polluters, they just pollute other peoples’ lands.
 UK Guardian  http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2012/jan/18/david-attenborough-big-business Retrieved 22nd January 2012.
I am totally opposed to war!
But if my neighbour continued to threaten me I would want to defend myself. It is not Israel’s War Against Gaza, it is Israel’s right to defend its people.
I have spent most of my life on the Left of politics; so have many Jews been honest and committed members of the Left; people who have sought freedom and equality… Now I see an anti-Jewish Left, the sentiments of which really disturb me. No one wins wars!
It is very encouraging to see some environmentalists speaking out against the overpopulation myths. It is about time we stopped blaming the poor for the world’s problems.
On April 6, 2009 a magnitude 6.3 earthquake hit the town of L’Aquila, Italy.
Governments and industries alike rely heavily on the information of scientists to manage risks, but scientists might be unwilling to give advice in the future because on the 22nd October 2012 six scientists and one public servant who were part of the Italian ‘National Commission for the Forecast and Prevention of Major Risks’ were found guilty of manslaughter after underestimating the risk of a deadly earthquake that killed 309 people in the historic town of L’Aquila. The seven people involved face six years in jail and millions of Euros worth of damages. As a result risk management specialists across the western world are concerned about this new trend in litigation which they have labelled ‘the blame game’, arguing that natural disasters are not totally predictable. Scientists, policy makers and practitioners at all levels of government who provide scientific and technical advice are subsequently very worried and with good reason. The Queensland Floods Commission Inquiry identified four dam operators for possible criminal sanctions, but did not proceed because of insufficient evidence. The Queensland floods and cyclones of 2010-11 cost the state $7.5 billion.
Scientists and their cohorts are now wondering how far the Italian precedent will extend in the context of an increasing number of seismic related incidents with some linked to human activities. The question occupying everyone’s mind is will the conviction of the seven Commission employees now reduce the willingness of other scientists and management officers to share information on the potential for disasters in the future? Will they bend towards administrative priorities? In reality, very little information concerning risks is given to the public, how much worse can the situation get? What about risks associated with coal seam gas? Are we at risk?
In light of the vagueness of information one can understand the court’s decision in L’Aquila where on March 30th 2009 a 4.1 earthquake hit the town causing damage to buildings, less than a week later the lethal 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck, but over the previous four months a swarm of small earthquakes were being experienced with increasing frequency and intensity.
As some industry scientists have suggested, ‘if the Italian experience is replicated here or even if it creates some level of unease in the scientific community which discourages their involvement, the preparation and planning for future natural disasters will be compromised with potentially more adverse consequences for the community.’
According to reports the presiding judge in L’Aquila believed those representing the Commission failed to appropriately convey the level of risk to the local population, hence people were not able to take action and prevent injury. This prompted the public prosecutor Fabio Picuti, in his closing speech to judge ‘the analysis of the Major Risks Commission’ as ‘deficient, unsuitable, inadequate and culpably deceptive.’
No one enjoys proportioning blame, and jail might not be the appropriate solution for error, but L’Aquila should be a wake-up call for governments and corporations who appoint boards of inquiry to consider that they might not be immune from prosecution if communities are put at risk.
[Sources: The Mirror October, 24th 2012. The Conversation 25th October, 2012, AAP and the Queensland Floods Commission Inquiry].